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Water 2016, 8(2), 58; doi:10.3390/w8020058

Semi- vs. Fully-Distributed Urban Stormwater Models: Model Set Up and Comparison with Two Real Case Studies

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
2
MARE—Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Coimbra, Coimbra 3030-788, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2015 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 16 February 2016
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Abstract

Urban stormwater models can be semi-distributed (SD) or fully distributed (FD). SD models are based on subcatchment units with various land use types, where rainfall is applied and runoff volumes are estimated and routed. FD models are based on the two dimensional (2D) discretization of the overland surface, which has a finer resolution with each grid-cell representing one land use type, where runoff volumes are estimated and directly routed by the 2D overland flow module. While SD models have been commonly applied in urban stormwater modeling, FD models are generally more detailed and theoretically more realistic. This paper presents a comparison between SD and FD models using two case studies in Coimbra (Portugal) and London (UK). To enable direct comparison between SD and FD setups, a model-building process is proposed and a novel sewer inlet representation is applied. SD and FD modeling results are compared against observed records in sewers and photographic records of flood events. The results suggest that FD models are more sensitive to surface storage parameters and require higher detail of the sewer network representation. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban drainage; urban pluvial flooding; urban stormwater models; fully-distributed models; semi-distributed models; rainfall–runoff modeling urban drainage; urban pluvial flooding; urban stormwater models; fully-distributed models; semi-distributed models; rainfall–runoff modeling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pina, R.D.; Ochoa-Rodriguez, S.; Simões, N.E.; Mijic, A.; Marques, A.S.; Maksimović, Č. Semi- vs. Fully-Distributed Urban Stormwater Models: Model Set Up and Comparison with Two Real Case Studies. Water 2016, 8, 58.

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