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Water 2016, 8(12), 608; doi:10.3390/w8120608

Exploration of an Optimal Policy for Water Resources Management Including the Introduction of Advanced Sewage Treatment Technologies in Zaozhuang City, China

1,2,3
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1,2,3,* , 1,2,3
,
1,2,3
and
4
1
School of Humanities and Economic Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
2
Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resource, Beijing 100083, China
3
Lab of Resources and Environmental Management, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
4
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giacomo Zanni
Received: 27 October 2016 / Revised: 16 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Water Policy Collection)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1503 KB, uploaded 21 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Water shortage and water pollution are important factors restricting sustainable social and economic development. As a typical coal resource-exhausted city and a node city of the South-to-North Water Transfer East Route Project in China, Zaozhuang City’s water resources management faces multiple constraints such as transformation of economic development, restriction of groundwater exploitation, and improvement of water environment. In this paper, we develop a linear optimization model by input–output analysis to study water resources management with the introduction of three advanced sewage treatment technologies for pollutant treatment and reclaimed water production. The simulation results showed that from 2014 to 2020, Zaozhuang City will realize an annual GDP growth rate of 7.1% with an annual chemical oxygen demand (COD) emissions reduction rate of 5.5%. The proportion of primary industry, secondary industry, and tertiary industry would be adjusted to 5.6%, 40.8%, and 53.6%, respectively. The amount of reclaimed water supply could be increased by 91% and groundwater supply could be decreased by 6%. Based on the simulation, this model proposes a scientific reference on water resources management policies, including water environment control, water supply plan, and financial subsidy, to realize the sustainable development of economy and water resources usage. View Full-Text
Keywords: linear optimization model; water policy; industrial restructuring; water resources management; sustainable development linear optimization model; water policy; industrial restructuring; water resources management; sustainable development
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MDPI and ACS Style

He, G.; Yan, J.; Sha, J.; Song, C.; Zhong, S. Exploration of an Optimal Policy for Water Resources Management Including the Introduction of Advanced Sewage Treatment Technologies in Zaozhuang City, China. Water 2016, 8, 608.

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