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Water 2016, 8(12), 579; doi:10.3390/w8120579

Assessment of Managed Aquifer Recharge through Modeling—A Review

Department of Hydrosciences, Technische Universität Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany
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Academic Editors: Pieter J. Stuyfzand and Niels Hartog
Received: 16 August 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality Considerations for Managed Aquifer Recharge Systems)
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Abstract

Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) is the purposeful recharge of an aquifer for later recovery or environmental benefits and represents a valuable method for sustainable water resources management. Models can be helpful tools for the assessment of MAR systems. This review encompasses a survey and an analysis of case studies which apply flow and transport models to evaluate MAR. The observed modeling objectives include the planning or optimization of MAR schemes as well as the identification and quantification of geochemical processes during injection, storage and recovery. The water recovery efficiency and the impact of the injected water on the ambient groundwater are further objectives investigated in the reviewed studies. These objectives are mainly solved by using groundwater flow models. Unsaturated flow models, solute transport models, reactive geochemical models as well as water balance models are also frequently applied and often coupled. As each planning step to setup a new MAR facility requires cost and time investment, modeling is used to minimize hazard risks and assess possible constraints of the system such as low recovery efficiency, clogging and geochemical processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: managed aquifer recharge; modeling; groundwater management; unsaturated zone; ASR managed aquifer recharge; modeling; groundwater management; unsaturated zone; ASR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ringleb, J.; Sallwey, J.; Stefan, C. Assessment of Managed Aquifer Recharge through Modeling—A Review. Water 2016, 8, 579.

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