Next Article in Journal
Bacterial Communities and Antibiotic Resistance Communities in a Full-Scale Hospital Wastewater Treatment Plant by High-Throughput Pyrosequencing
Previous Article in Journal
Performance and N2O Formation of the Deammonification Process by Suspended Sludge and Biofilm Systems—A Pilot-Scale Study
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2016, 8(12), 575; doi:10.3390/w8120575

A Methodology for the Optimization of Flow Rate Injection to Looped Water Distribution Networks through Multiple Pumping Stations

Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio Ambiente, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Departamento de Ingeniería y Gestión de la Construcción, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Talca, 3340000 Curicó, Chile
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Franchini
Received: 16 September 2016 / Revised: 3 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2428 KB, uploaded 6 December 2016]   |  


The optimal function of a water distribution network is reached when the consumer demands are satisfied using the lowest quantity of energy, maintaining the minimal pressure required at the same time. One way to achieve this is through optimization of flow rate injection based on the use of the setpoint curve concept. In order to obtain that, a methodology is proposed. It allows for the assessment of the flow rate and pressure head that each pumping station has to provide for the proper functioning of the network while the minimum power consumption is kept. The methodology can be addressed in two ways: the discrete method and the continuous method. In the first method, a finite set of combinations is evaluated between pumping stations. In the continuous method, the search for the optimal solution is performed using optimization algorithms. In this paper, Hooke–Jeeves and Nelder–Mead algorithms are used. Both the hydraulics and the objective function used by the optimization are solved through EPANET and its Toolkit. Two case studies are evaluated, and the results of the application of the different methods are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; energy; pressure; optimization; network; pumping; setpoint curve water; energy; pressure; optimization; network; pumping; setpoint curve

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

León-Celi, C.; Iglesias-Rey, P.L.; Martínez-Solano, F.J.; Mora-Melia, D. A Methodology for the Optimization of Flow Rate Injection to Looped Water Distribution Networks through Multiple Pumping Stations. Water 2016, 8, 575.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top