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Water 2016, 8(12), 574; doi:10.3390/w8120574

Investigating Multiple Household Water Sources and Uses with a Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) Survey

1
Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia
2
Department of Civil Construction and Environmental Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
3
Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC 3800, Australia
4
International Water Centre, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
5
Water Institute, Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ashok K. Chapagain
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 22 November 2016 / Accepted: 29 November 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1337 KB, uploaded 13 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

The investigation of multiple sources in household water management is considered overly complicated and time consuming using paper and pen interviewing (PAPI). We assess the advantages of computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) in Pacific Island Countries (PICs). We adapted an existing PAPI survey on multiple water sources and expanded it to incorporate location of water use and the impacts of extreme weather events using SurveyCTO on Android tablets. We then compared the efficiency and accuracy of data collection using the PAPI version (n = 44) with the CAPI version (n = 291), including interview duration, error rate and trends in interview duration with enumerator experience. CAPI surveys facilitated high-quality data collection and were an average of 15.2 min faster than PAPI. CAPI survey duration decreased by 0.55% per survey delivered (p < 0.0001), whilst embedded skip patterns and answer lists lowered data entry error rates, relative to PAPI (p < 0.0001). Large-scale household surveys commonly used in global monitoring and evaluation do not differentiate multiple water sources and uses. CAPI equips water researchers with a quick and reliable tool to address these knowledge gaps and advance our understanding of development research priorities. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiple household water sources; computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI); Pacific Island Countries; development; surveys; climate change multiple household water sources; computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI); Pacific Island Countries; development; surveys; climate change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

MacDonald, M.C.; Elliott, M.; Chan, T.; Kearton, A.; Shields, K.F.; Bartram, J.; Hadwen, W.L. Investigating Multiple Household Water Sources and Uses with a Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) Survey. Water 2016, 8, 574.

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