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Water 2016, 8(11), 515; doi:10.3390/w8110515

Water Footprint of Industrial Tomato Cultivations in the Pinios River Basin: Soil Properties Interactions

1
Institute of Industrial and Forage Crops, 1 Theophrastos street, 41335 Larissa, Greece
2
D. Nomikos S.A. Tomato Products Processor, Kifisias Avenue 32, 15125 Marousi, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Arjen Y. Hoekstra, Ashok K. Chapagain and Pieter R. van Oel
Received: 31 August 2016 / Revised: 2 November 2016 / Accepted: 3 November 2016 / Published: 7 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Footprint Assessment)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1235 KB, uploaded 7 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Industrial tomatoes are cultivated in about 4000 ha of the Pinios river basin (central Greece), providing significant income to the farmers. In this study, the water footprint (WF) of industrial tomatoes between planting and harvest was estimated in 24 different farms for three consecutive years. The selected farms were representative of the main agro-climatic zones and soil textural classes within the river basin. Green, blue and grey WF calculations were based on datasets of the experimental plots for each farm, including irrigation water volume, meteorological, soil, and crop yield data. The results showed that the WF of tomatoes ranged from 37 to 131 m3 water/ton tomatoes with an average of 61 m3/ton. The WF variation depended mainly on crop yield, local agro-climatic and soil conditions. The green, blue, and grey WF components averaged 13, 27 and 21 m3/ton, respectively. The results reveal the importance of WF in understanding how tomato production relates to the sustainable use of freshwater and pollution at local level. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial tomato; water footprint components; irrigation industrial tomato; water footprint components; irrigation
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Evangelou, E.; Tsadilas, C.; Tserlikakis, N.; Tsitouras, A.; Kyritsis, A. Water Footprint of Industrial Tomato Cultivations in the Pinios River Basin: Soil Properties Interactions. Water 2016, 8, 515.

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