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Water 2015, 7(9), 5061-5077; doi:10.3390/w7095061

Combining Field and Laboratory Measurements to Determine the Erosion Risk of Cohesive Sediments Best

1
Institute for Modelling Hydraulic and Environmental Systems, University of Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 61, Stuttgart 70550, Germany
2
Federal Institute of Hydrology, Am Mainzer Tor 1, Koblenz 56068, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thorsten Stoesser
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 24 August 2015 / Published: 18 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Riverflow Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1675 KB, uploaded 18 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

In contrast to non-cohesive sediments, the incipient motion of cohesive sediments is characterized by much more complex interactions between several sedimentary, biological, and chemical parameters. Thus, site-specific investigations are required to obtain information about the erosion stability of cohesive materials. This becomes even more relevant for contaminated sediments, stored in riverine sediments as a “burden of the past”, because of their remobilization potential during flood events. This article represents a twofold measuring strategy for the detection of erosion thresholds: an in situ device for determination of critical shear stresses in the field, and a laboratory approach where sediment cores are withdrawn and subsequently analyzed over depth. The combined measuring strategy was applied in the River Elbe and at selected sites of the catchment of the River Saale. The results show a great variety of erosion thresholds over depth, demonstrating the need to conduct vertical analyses, especially when addressing buried layers with contaminations. The latter is only possible in the laboratory but the in situ device revealed clear benefits in capturing the loose flocculent layer on top of the sediment that might be easily lost during sediment retrieval and transport. Consequently, it is ideal to combine both approaches for a comprehensive insight into sediment stability. View Full-Text
Keywords: cohesive sediments; incipient motion; in situ measurement techniques; laboratory measurement techniques; bulk density; particle size distribution cohesive sediments; incipient motion; in situ measurement techniques; laboratory measurement techniques; bulk density; particle size distribution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Noack, M.; Gerbersdorf, S.U.; Hillebrand, G.; Wieprecht, S. Combining Field and Laboratory Measurements to Determine the Erosion Risk of Cohesive Sediments Best. Water 2015, 7, 5061-5077.

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