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Water 2015, 7(9), 4593-4604; doi:10.3390/w7094593

Farmers’ Perceptions about Adaptation Practices to Climate Change and Barriers to Adaptation: A Micro-Level Study in Ghana

1
Graduate School of Engineering, Kochi University of Technology, 2-22 Eikokuji, Kochi City, Kochi 780-8515, Japan
2
School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology, 2-22 Eikokuji, Kochi City, Kochi 780-8515, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yingkui Li
Received: 14 July 2015 / Revised: 17 August 2015 / Accepted: 18 August 2015 / Published: 25 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Resource Variability and Climate Change)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [878 KB, uploaded 25 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

This study analyzed the farmer-perceived importance of adaptation practices to climate change and examined the barriers that impede adaptation. Perceptions about causes and effects of long-term changes in climatic variables were also investigated. A total of 100 farmer-households were randomly selected from four communities in the Lawra district of Ghana. Data was collected using semi-structured questionnaires and focus group discussions (FGDs). The results showed that 87% of respondents perceived a decrease in rainfall amount, while 82% perceived an increase in temperature over the past 10 years. The study revealed that adaptation was largely in response to dry spells and droughts (93.2%) rather than floods. About 67% of respondents have adjusted their farming activities in response to climate change. Empirical results of the weighted average index analysis showed that farmers ranked improved crop varieties and irrigation as the most important adaptation measures. It also revealed that farmers lacked the capacity to implement the highly ranked adaptation practices. The problem confrontation index analysis showed that unpredictable weather, high cost of farm inputs, limited access to weather information, and lack of water resources were the most critical barriers to adaptation. This analysis of adaptation practices and constraints at farmer level will help facilitate government policy formulation and implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: climatic effects; agricultural production; farmer perceptions; adaptation constraints; Lawra district climatic effects; agricultural production; farmer perceptions; adaptation constraints; Lawra district
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ndamani, F.; Watanabe, T. Farmers’ Perceptions about Adaptation Practices to Climate Change and Barriers to Adaptation: A Micro-Level Study in Ghana. Water 2015, 7, 4593-4604.

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