China’s Policy on Dams at the Crossroads: Removal or Further Construction?
AbstractDuring the past century, the number and scale of reservoirs worldwide has grown substantially to meet the demand for water and hydropower arising from increased population, industrialization, and urbanization. This is particularly the case in China, where reservoir construction increased rapidly after the Chinese economic reform and the introduction of open-door policies. On average, 4.4 large reservoirs with a capacity greater than 0.1 km3 were constructed per annum during the 1970s–1990s. This average reached 11.8 such reservoirs per annum in the 2000s. Considering the adverse impact of dams on rivers and riparian communities, various environmentalists and non-governmental organizations in China have begun to protest against the construction of dams. Now China’s policy on dams is at a crossroads: Removal or further construction? In this paper, we systematically assess the construction of reservoirs in China and discuss the benefits and drawbacks of large-scale reservoir projects on several major rivers in China: The Yangtze River, the Yellow River and the Mekong River. Lastly, we provide a perspective on the future of reservoir development in China, taking into account natural conditions, renewable hydropower resources, and greenhouse gas emissions. View Full-Text
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Miao, C.; Borthwick, A.G.L.; Liu, H.; Liu, J. China’s Policy on Dams at the Crossroads: Removal or Further Construction? Water 2015, 7, 2349-2357.
Miao C, Borthwick AGL, Liu H, Liu J. China’s Policy on Dams at the Crossroads: Removal or Further Construction? Water. 2015; 7(5):2349-2357.Chicago/Turabian Style
Miao, Chiyuan; Borthwick, Alistair G.L.; Liu, Honghu; Liu, Jigen. 2015. "China’s Policy on Dams at the Crossroads: Removal or Further Construction?" Water 7, no. 5: 2349-2357.