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Water 2015, 7(5), 2202-2213; doi:10.3390/w7052202

Actors’ Perceptions of Issues in the Implementation of the First Round of the Water Framework Directive: Examples from the Water Management and Forestry Sectors in Southern Sweden

Geography and Economic History, Umeå University, Umeå 901 87, Sweden
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 9 October 2014 / Revised: 26 March 2015 / Accepted: 9 April 2015 / Published: 12 May 2015
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Abstract

The EU Water Framework Directive exerts a major impact on water management structure and aims, and water use activities in the member states. This paper reviews the perceptions of the early WFD implementation in a case study area in southern Sweden. The focus is on the perceptions of both water management and forestry actors, the latter as a potential diffuse source impact on water quality. This study highlights the considerable complexity of reorienting or rescaling governance given the complex existing systems particular to the area, the multi-interpretable early policies on implementation and the complexity of interpreting the regionally-focused WFD approach in the largely locally-focused Swedish system. While the first phase of implementation is now long past, conclusions on the complexity of reorienting systems remain relevant, particularly with regard to non-point sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: water framework directive; governance; Västerhavet; Sweden; forest water framework directive; governance; Västerhavet; Sweden; forest
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Keskitalo, E.C.H. Actors’ Perceptions of Issues in the Implementation of the First Round of the Water Framework Directive: Examples from the Water Management and Forestry Sectors in Southern Sweden. Water 2015, 7, 2202-2213.

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