Testing Metallic Iron Filtration Systems for Decentralized Water Treatment at Pilot Scale
AbstractThere are many factors to consider for the design of appropriate water treatment systems including: cost, the concentration and type of biological and/or chemical contamination, concentration limits at which contaminant(s) are required to be removed, required flow rate, level of local expertise for on-going maintenance, and social acceptance. An ideal technology should be effective at producing clean, potable water; however it must also be low-cost, low-energy (ideally energy-free) and require low-maintenance. The use of packed beds containing metallic iron (Fe0 filters) has the potential to become a cheap widespread technology for both safe drinking water provision and wastewater treatment. Fe0 filters have been intensively investigated over the past two decades, however, sound design criteria are still lacking. This article presents an overview of the design of Fe0 filters for decentralized water treatment particularly in the developing world. A design for safe drinking water to a community of 100 people is also discussed as starting module. It is suggested that Fe0 filters have the potential for significant worldwide applicability, but particularly in the developing world. The appropriate design of Fe0 filters, however, is site-specific and dependent upon the availability of local expertise/materials. View Full-Text
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Tepong-Tsindé, R.; Crane, R.; Noubactep, C.; Nassi, A.; Ruppert, H. Testing Metallic Iron Filtration Systems for Decentralized Water Treatment at Pilot Scale. Water 2015, 7, 868-897.
Tepong-Tsindé R, Crane R, Noubactep C, Nassi A, Ruppert H. Testing Metallic Iron Filtration Systems for Decentralized Water Treatment at Pilot Scale. Water. 2015; 7(3):868-897.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tepong-Tsindé, Raoul; Crane, Richard; Noubactep, Chicgoua; Nassi, Achille; Ruppert, Hans. 2015. "Testing Metallic Iron Filtration Systems for Decentralized Water Treatment at Pilot Scale." Water 7, no. 3: 868-897.