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Water 2014, 6(9), 2821-2829; doi:10.3390/w6092821

A Comparative Study on Flood Management in China and Japan

Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Sophia University, 7-1, Kioicho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 102-8554, Japan
Received: 4 May 2014 / Revised: 14 September 2014 / Accepted: 16 September 2014 / Published: 23 September 2014
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Abstract

Attempts at flood management during the 20th century resulted in more flood disasters. To gain a better understanding of what went wrong, it is necessary to examine historical evidence, seek ancient wisdom and compare practices of flood management in different countries. This study examines flood management concepts and practices in China and Japan during different periods of time in history and the differences in the two countries’ current management of flood retarding basins. It reveals that during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC–24 AD), China proposed to redirect a river course to gain sufficient flood retarding capacity, and this same concept was realized, either coincidentally or intentionally, during the Edo period of Japan (1603–1868). In modern times, however, the management of flood retarding basins differs fundamentally between China and Japan. In addition, this study investigates the differences in emergency evacuation practices between China and Japan. This is the first study to highlight the link between a Chinese concept and a Japanese practice that are separated by more than 1000 years. View Full-Text
Keywords: Jia Rang; eastward diversion; Jingjiang flood diversion area Jia Rang; eastward diversion; Jingjiang flood diversion area
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Huang, G. A Comparative Study on Flood Management in China and Japan. Water 2014, 6, 2821-2829.

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