Next Article in Journal
Water End-Uses in Low-Income Houses in Southern Brazil
Previous Article in Journal
Utilization of Ion-Exclusion Chromatography for Water Quality Monitoring in a Suburban River in Jakarta, Indonesia
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2014, 6(7), 1961-1984; doi:10.3390/w6071961

Socio-Technological Influences on Future Water Demands

School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B152TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2014 / Revised: 18 June 2014 / Accepted: 26 June 2014 / Published: 7 July 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1330 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

The traditional water supply management approach focuses on (perceived) community requirements that must be met, but not on community demands, which are variable. Therefore a paradigm-shift is required to the way water is considered. In this paper two fundamental management measures to influence daily water demand and therefore conservation are considered: (1) Technological efficiency measures (i.e., via adopting water-saving devices); and (2) User behaviour (i.e., how users interact with and use the technologies). Through a newly developed futures framework, the individual and combined impact of these approaches within residential and office buildings are examined. Results show each in isolation has similar impacts (i.e., 55% reduction) on domestic water consumption per capita, although the ranges over which user behaviour can operate appears to be far more diverse. Most strikingly, when these measures are considered in combination, greater impact (i.e., 80% reduction) could be achieved. Conclusions are drawn as to how far water demand management, through a dual track approach, can go in terms of reducing indoor water consumption of both residential and office users within the UK. The paper provides philosophical arguments for what else is needed in order to secure sufficient, sustainable water supplies within a “liveable” future. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban water demand management; user behaviour; water saving devices urban water demand management; user behaviour; water saving devices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zadeh, S.M.; Hunt, D.V.; Rogers, C.D. Socio-Technological Influences on Future Water Demands. Water 2014, 6, 1961-1984.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top