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Water 2014, 6(6), 1546-1561; doi:10.3390/w6061546

Analysis of the Possible Use of Solar Photovoltaic Energy in Urban Water Supply Systems

1
Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering, University of Zagreb, 42000 Varaždin, Hallerova Aleja 7, Croatia
2
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture & Geodesy, University of Split, 21000 Split, Matice Hrvatske 15, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2014 / Revised: 13 May 2014 / Accepted: 21 May 2014 / Published: 30 May 2014
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Abstract

Because of the importance of water supply for the sustainability of urban areas, and due to the significant consumption of energy with prices increasing every day, an alternative solution for sustainable energy supply should be sought in the field of Renewable Energy Sources (RES). An innovative solution as presented in this paper has until now not been comprehensively analyzed. This work presents the solution with the application of a (Photovoltaic) PV generator. The main technological features, in addition to the designing methodology and case study are presented in this paper. The critical period approach has been used for the first time for system sizing. The application of this sizing method provides a high reliability of the proposed system. The obtained results confirm the assumption that the PV generator is a promising energy sustainable solution for urban water supply systems. The service reservoir, which acts as water and energy storage for the proposed system, provides the basis for a sustainable solution of water and energy supply. In accordance with the proposed, the reliability of such system is high. This concept of energy supply operation does not generate any atmospheric emission of greenhouse gases, which contributes significantly to the reduction of the impacts of climate changes. The proposed solution and designing methodology are widely applicable and in accordance with the characteristics of the water supply system and climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban water supply; solar energy; photovoltaic pumping; sustainable water supply; life cycle cost urban water supply; solar energy; photovoltaic pumping; sustainable water supply; life cycle cost
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Đurin, B.; Margeta, J. Analysis of the Possible Use of Solar Photovoltaic Energy in Urban Water Supply Systems. Water 2014, 6, 1546-1561.

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