Water 2014, 6(3), 500-516; doi:10.3390/w6030500
Article

Integration of a Hydrological Model within a Geographical Information System: Application to a Forest Watershed

1,* email, 1email and 2email
Received: 31 October 2013; in revised form: 7 March 2014 / Accepted: 12 March 2014 / Published: 19 March 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Watershed simulation software used for operational purposes must possess both dependability of results and flexibility in parameter selection and testing. The UBC watershed model (UBCWM) contains a wide spectrum of parameters expressing meteorological, geological, as well as ecological watershed characteristics. The hydrological model was coupled to the MapInfo GIS and the software created was named Watershed Mapper (WM). WM is endowed with several features permitting operational utilization. These include input data and basin geometry visualization, land use/cover and soil simulation, exporting of statistical results and thematic maps and interactive variation of disputed parameters. For the application of WM two hypothetical scenarios of forest fires were examined in a study watershed. Four major rainfall events were selected from 12-year daily precipitation data and the corresponding peak flows were estimated for the base line data and hypothetical scenarios. A significant increase was observed as an impact of forest fires on peak flows. Due to its flexibility the combined tool described herein may be utilized in modeling long-term hydrological changes in the context of unsteady hydrological analyses.
Keywords: watershed modeling; GIS; land cover change; surface hydrology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fotakis, D.; Sidiropoulos, E.; Loukas, A. Integration of a Hydrological Model within a Geographical Information System: Application to a Forest Watershed. Water 2014, 6, 500-516.

AMA Style

Fotakis D, Sidiropoulos E, Loukas A. Integration of a Hydrological Model within a Geographical Information System: Application to a Forest Watershed. Water. 2014; 6(3):500-516.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fotakis, Dimitris; Sidiropoulos, Epameinondas; Loukas, Athanasios. 2014. "Integration of a Hydrological Model within a Geographical Information System: Application to a Forest Watershed." Water 6, no. 3: 500-516.

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