Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water 2013, 5(4), 1967-1995; doi:10.3390/w5041967
Article

An Assessment of Disproportionate Costs in WFD: The Experience of Emilia-Romagna

1
, 1,* , 2
 and 1
Received: 17 September 2013; in revised form: 6 November 2013 / Accepted: 7 November 2013 / Published: 27 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Policy, Productivity and Economic Efficiency)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [576 KB, uploaded 27 November 2013]
Abstract: This study develops a methodology for the assessment of disproportionate costs according to the Water Framework Directive guidelines. The originality of the approach lies in the focus on the interdependencies between water bodies and the consideration of the multiple interactions between measures and pressures. However, the broad architecture of the study fits into a wider assessment procedure, already developed in recent studies. Specifically, a cost effectiveness analysis, implemented to select an efficient combination of measures, is integrated with a cost benefit analysis, which allows for the evaluation of the economic feasibility of the proposed actions. This methodology is applied to the Emilia-Romagna Region (Italy). In spite of the uncertainties in the estimations of costs and benefits, the study enables the identification of areas where disproportionate costs are more likely to occur. The results show that disproportionality tends to increase from foothill regions, where most of the functional uses of regional water resources are found, to plain areas, where the sources of pressure tend to be located. Finally, the study offers policy direction for the selection of measures in the case study region.
Keywords: cost disproportionality; Water Framework Directive (WFD); cost effectiveness analysis (CEA); cost benefit analysis (CBA) cost disproportionality; Water Framework Directive (WFD); cost effectiveness analysis (CEA); cost benefit analysis (CBA)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Galioto, F.; Marconi, V.; Raggi, M.; Viaggi, D. An Assessment of Disproportionate Costs in WFD: The Experience of Emilia-Romagna. Water 2013, 5, 1967-1995.

AMA Style

Galioto F, Marconi V, Raggi M, Viaggi D. An Assessment of Disproportionate Costs in WFD: The Experience of Emilia-Romagna. Water. 2013; 5(4):1967-1995.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galioto, Francesco; Marconi, Valentina; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide. 2013. "An Assessment of Disproportionate Costs in WFD: The Experience of Emilia-Romagna." Water 5, no. 4: 1967-1995.


Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert