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Water 2013, 5(4), 1760-1779; doi:10.3390/w5041760

How Much for Water? Economic Assessment and Mapping of Floodplain Water Storage as a Catchment-Scale Ecosystem Service of Wetlands

1
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, Warsaw 02-776, Poland
2
Biebrza National Park, Osowiec-Twierdza 8, Goniądz 19-110, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 August 2013 / Revised: 11 October 2013 / Accepted: 16 October 2013 / Published: 1 November 2013
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Abstract

The integration of water management goals in protected wetland areas agriculturally managed in an intensive manner recalls the comparison of apples (ecological values) and oranges (economic dimension of agriculture). Sustainable wetland management frequently fails if environmental features are not referred to as ecosystem services and quantified in economic terms. In our hydrological-economical study on floodplain wetlands located in the Lower Basin of the Biebrza Valley, we attempt to quantify the monetary value of water storage in the floodplain during flood phenomena as an important ecosystem service. The unit monetary value of water storage in the catchment of Biebrza Valley was assessed on the basis of small artificial water reservoirs, constructed in recent years and located in the area of research, and reached 0.53 EUR·m−3·year−1. In a GIS-based study on hydrological floodplain processes in the years 1995–2011, we assessed the average annual volume of active water storage in the floodplain which reached 10.36 M m3 year−1, giving a monetary value of EUR 5.49 million per annum. We propose that the methodology presented in our analysis could be applied as water storage subsidies in valuable floodplains, to prevent their deterioration originating from agriculture intensification.
Keywords: wetlands; water management; flood; floodplain; ecosystem services; storage; hydrology; Biebrza wetlands; water management; flood; floodplain; ecosystem services; storage; hydrology; Biebrza
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Grygoruk, M.; Mirosław-Świątek, D.; Chrzanowska, W.; Ignar, S. How Much for Water? Economic Assessment and Mapping of Floodplain Water Storage as a Catchment-Scale Ecosystem Service of Wetlands. Water 2013, 5, 1760-1779.

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