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Water 2012, 4(4), 905-913; doi:10.3390/w4040905
Article

Combining Ecosystem Service and Critical Load Concepts for Resource Management and Public Policy

Received: 25 September 2012; in revised form: 1 November 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 13 November 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Pollution of Water Environment)
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Abstract: Land management and natural resource public policy decision-making in the United States can benefit from two resource damage/recovery concepts: ecosystem service (ES) and critical load (CL). The purpose of this paper is to suggest an integrated approach to the application of ES and CL principles for public land management and natural resource policy decision-making. One well known example that is appropriate for ES and CL evaluation is examined here: the acidification of soil and drainage water by atmospheric deposition of acidifying sulfur and nitrogen compounds. A conceptual framework illustrates how the ES and CL approaches can be combined in a way that enhances the strengths of each. This framework will aid in the process of translating ES and CL principles into land management and natural resource policy decision-making by documenting the impacts of pollution on environmental goods and services that benefit humans.
Keywords: assessment; sustainability; environmental science; land use management; natural resource assessment; sustainability; environmental science; land use management; natural resource
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sullivan, T.J. Combining Ecosystem Service and Critical Load Concepts for Resource Management and Public Policy. Water 2012, 4, 905-913.

AMA Style

Sullivan TJ. Combining Ecosystem Service and Critical Load Concepts for Resource Management and Public Policy. Water. 2012; 4(4):905-913.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sullivan, Timothy J. 2012. "Combining Ecosystem Service and Critical Load Concepts for Resource Management and Public Policy." Water 4, no. 4: 905-913.


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