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Water 2012, 4(3), 670-682; doi:10.3390/w4030670
Article

The DPSIR Framework and a Pressure-Oriented Water Quality Monitoring Approach to Ecological River Restoration

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Received: 4 July 2012; in revised form: 25 August 2012 / Accepted: 4 September 2012 / Published: 14 September 2012
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Abstract: Without monitoring anthropogenic pressures on the water environment, it is difficult to set realistic river restoration targets in relation to water quality. Therefore a more holistic approach is needed to systematically explore the links between socio-economic drivers and observed water quality-related impacts on river ecosystems. Using the DPSIR (Drivers-Pressures-State of the Environment-Impacts-Responses) framework, this study linked ecological river restoration with the socio-economic sector, with the focus on promoting a pressure-oriented water quality monitoring system. Based on the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) and relevant literature, it was found that most water quality-related indicators employed today are state/impacts-oriented, while very few are pressure-oriented. As a response, we call for more attention to a DPR (Drivers-Pressures-Responses) framework in developing an industrial ecology-based pressure-oriented water quality monitoring system for aiding ecological river restoration planning. This approach is characterized in general by accounting for material-related flows throughout the socio-economic sector in relation to river ecosystem degradation. Then the obtained information would help decision makers take appropriate measures to alleviate various significant human-induced wastes and emissions at their sources. We believe that such a pressure-oriented monitoring system will substantially complement traditional state/impacts-oriented environmental and ecological monitoring and help develop more proactive planning and decision-making processes for specific river restoration projects and general water quality management.
Keywords: DPSIR; DPR; industrial ecology; monitoring; river restoration; water quality DPSIR; DPR; industrial ecology; monitoring; river restoration; water quality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, X.; Frostell, B. The DPSIR Framework and a Pressure-Oriented Water Quality Monitoring Approach to Ecological River Restoration. Water 2012, 4, 670-682.

AMA Style

Song X, Frostell B. The DPSIR Framework and a Pressure-Oriented Water Quality Monitoring Approach to Ecological River Restoration. Water. 2012; 4(3):670-682.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Xingqiang; Frostell, Björn. 2012. "The DPSIR Framework and a Pressure-Oriented Water Quality Monitoring Approach to Ecological River Restoration." Water 4, no. 3: 670-682.


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