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Sustainable and Innovative Solutions for Sewage Sludge Management
Water 2011, 3(3), 806-818; doi:10.3390/w3030806

Activated Sludge and Other Aerobic Suspended Culture Processes

1,* , 1
1 Department of Civil Engineering, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58202, USA 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2011 / Revised: 12 June 2011 / Accepted: 17 June 2011 / Published: 16 August 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Science and Technology of Wastewater and Sludge Treatment)
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A review of the literature published in 2008, 2009 and 2010 relating to activated sludge treatment of wastewater is presented. The review considers information on the topics of modeling and kinetics; process microbiology; nitrogen and phosphorus removal; treatment and effects of xenobiotics; oxygen transfer; and solids separation.
Keywords: activated sludge; wastewater treatment; pollution prevention activated sludge; wastewater treatment; pollution prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Moretti, C.J.; Das, D.; Kistner, B.T.; Gullicks, H.; Hung, Y.-T. Activated Sludge and Other Aerobic Suspended Culture Processes. Water 2011, 3, 806-818.

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