Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Water 2011, 3(1), 79-112; doi:10.3390/w3010079
Article

Modification of Aquifer Pore-Water by Static Diffusion Using Nano-Zero-Valent Metals

Received: 5 December 2010; in revised form: 24 December 2010 / Accepted: 6 January 2011 / Published: 11 January 2011
Download PDF [3505 KB, uploaded 11 January 2011]
Abstract: Sixteen static diffusion reactors containing n-ZVM (Fe0, Cu0, Al0) establish a common equilibrium redox (Eh-pH) trajectory which is directly linked to the aquifer pore volume, volume of injected n-ZVM, throughflow rate within the aquifer and time. The effect of NaCl and Ca-montmorillonite on the trajectory is considered. The trajectory can be directly linked to TDS (EC) and to the equilibrium removal of contaminants. In each example, the progressive oscillation between reduction and oxidation reactions (including Fenton reactions) creates the catalytic nuclei (and redox environment) required for the decomposition of organic pollutants and their reconstruction as simple alkanes and oxygenates.
Keywords: zero valent iron; ZVI; zero valent metal; ZVM; TCE; DCE; desalination; decontamination; aquifer zero valent iron; ZVI; zero valent metal; ZVM; TCE; DCE; desalination; decontamination; aquifer
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Antia, D.D.J. Modification of Aquifer Pore-Water by Static Diffusion Using Nano-Zero-Valent Metals. Water 2011, 3, 79-112.

AMA Style

Antia DDJ. Modification of Aquifer Pore-Water by Static Diffusion Using Nano-Zero-Valent Metals. Water. 2011; 3(1):79-112.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antia, David D. J. 2011. "Modification of Aquifer Pore-Water by Static Diffusion Using Nano-Zero-Valent Metals." Water 3, no. 1: 79-112.


Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert