Next Article in Journal
Evaluating Energy and Cost Requirements for Different Configurations of Off-Grid Rainwater Harvesting Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Countermeasure Analysis on Promoting Drinking Water Safety in Shanshan County, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2018, 10(8), 1023; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081023

Inequality in Access to Drinking Water and Subsidies between Low and High Income Households in Mexico City

1
Department of Economics, Autonomous Metropolitan University, Azcapotzalco University Av. San Pablo No. 180, Col. Reynosa Tamaulipas, Del. Azcapotzalco, Mexico City C.P. 02200, Mexico
2
CONACYT-UAM, Area of Environment and Growth, Economics Department, Autonomous Metropolitan University, Azcapotzalco Unit. Av. San Pablo No. 180, Col. Reynosa Tamaulipas, Del. Azcapotzalco, Mexico City C.P. 02200, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 2 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Use and Scarcity)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1444 KB, uploaded 2 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

Economic and population growth in Mexico City (CDMX) is the main cause of an increase in water demand against a naturally limited endowment, which increases the gap between water demand and supply. In a water scarcity environment, households are facing pressure to maintain their involvement in the city’s only operating body, the Water System of Mexico City (SACMEX) total supply. The objective of this work is to measure the inequality in the distribution of drinking water and water subsidies between households connected to the public network of CDMX in order to generate objective indicators of the phenomenon. Having such information provides a baseline scenario of the problem and allows for the delineation of a policy covering the minimum levels of well-being in the supply of drinking water that is appropriate for the most important city in the country. The method consists of measuring inequality through continuous variables estimating the Lorenz curve, the Gini coefficient, the targeting coefficient and elasticity in water consumption and in water subsidies among households in CDMX. Data comes from a household survey carried out in 2011, Consumption Habits, Service and Quality of Water by Household in Mexico City (EHCSCA). Results show that drinking water and subsidies present a regressive distribution, benefit high-income households and, to a lesser degree, the poorest households in the city and highlight the urgency and importance for SACMEX to redefine its policy on water distribution, fees and subsidies. The present study’s scope can contribute to the monitoring of the distribution of drinking water and of subsidies among household groups. The study justifies that the indicators employed in this work can be used and are recommended as a valuable tool in water management, especially in a dynamic environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: water distribution; water subsidies; inequality in domestic water supply; inequality in subsidies; water in CDMX; water and households water distribution; water subsidies; inequality in domestic water supply; inequality in subsidies; water in CDMX; water and households
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Morales-Novelo, J.A.; Rodríguez-Tapia, L.; Revollo-Fernández, D.A. Inequality in Access to Drinking Water and Subsidies between Low and High Income Households in Mexico City. Water 2018, 10, 1023.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top