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Water 2018, 10(5), 605; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050605

Experimental and Numerical Modelling of Bottom Intake Racks with Circular Bars

Civil Engineering Department, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Paseo Alfonso XIII, 52, 30203 Cartagena, Spain
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Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 6 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)

Abstract

Bottom rack intake systems are one of the most popular structures for diverting water in steep rivers. Intake systems may be used in ephemeral rivers beds to capture part of the runoff flow in the rainy season. Their behavior has mainly been studied in the laboratory. Nevertheless, it is not possible to analyze the whole problem of characterization with traditional methodologies due to the many effects that occur on the bars. Computational fluid dynamics simulations have been considered as a complement to improve the knowledge of the hydraulic phenomenon. However, the geometry of circular racks may be a challenge due to its complexity. After the validation procedure, the numerical models appear to be a good tool to design intake systems. No remarkable differences were obtained between the three two-equation turbulence models tested. The results show differences of less than 1% in flow profile over the rack. Fit curves have been proposed to estimate the flow profile over the rack with r2 > 95%. Expressions to calculate the discharge coefficient and the collected water through the rack in the clear water case have been proposed and show a good agreement with the laboratory data. View Full-Text
Keywords: ANSYS CFX; bottom rack; circular bars; discharge coefficient; flow profile; intake system ANSYS CFX; bottom rack; circular bars; discharge coefficient; flow profile; intake system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Carrillo, J.M.; García, J.T.; Castillo, L.G. Experimental and Numerical Modelling of Bottom Intake Racks with Circular Bars. Water 2018, 10, 605.

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