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Water 2018, 10(4), 425; doi:10.3390/w10040425

Review of River Basin Water Resource Management in China

1,* , 2
and
2
1
School of Urban and Environment, Yunnan University of Finances and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
2
Faculty of Resources and Environmental Science, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2018 / Revised: 25 March 2018 / Accepted: 30 March 2018 / Published: 4 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water Management within Inland River Watershed)
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Abstract

Water resources are the basis for supporting the entire life system of the Earth. However, with the frequent global water crises—especially in the river basins of China—the issue of water resources has become a bottleneck that limits its development. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out relevant research. In this paper, we systematically analyzed different classification methods of the service functions of water ecosystems as well as factors that affect it. Results showed that climate, land cover, human activities, and their own endowment conditions were the main factors affecting the service functions of water ecosystems. Based on these, water resource management in China river basins was expounded from three aspects: water resources protection, allocation, and utilization. At the same time, the impacts of water resource management on land use in China were also summarized. Finally, the key trends of the next study were summarized as follows: improvement of the classification system of basin water ecosystem service functions, improvement of the mechanism of the basin water market; comprehensive tradeoff of water resource exploitation and protection in basins; and basin water resource management from the perspective of multidisciplinary crossing. View Full-Text
Keywords: water resource management; water ecosystem service functions; water crisis; China; basin water resource management; water ecosystem service functions; water crisis; China; basin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, H.; Jin, G.; Yu, Y. Review of River Basin Water Resource Management in China. Water 2018, 10, 425.

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