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Water 2018, 10(2), 102; doi:10.3390/w10020102

Submerged Fixed Floating Structure under the Action of Surface Current

College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 23 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
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The implementation of floating structures has increased with the construction of new sluices for flood control. The overturning moment of floating structure and its influencing factors are the important parameters that determine the structural safety. It is essential to understand the overturning characteristics of these structures in currents. Based on hydrodynamic theory and equilibrium analysis, the hydraulic characteristics of a floating structure are discussed by means of theoretical analysis and experiments. A formula for the overturning moment is developed in terms of the time-averaged pressure on the structure. The corresponding parametric study aims to assess the effects of flow velocities, vertical positions, shape ratios and water levels on the overturning moment. The experimental results show that hydrodynamic factors have a significant influence on the overturning of the structure. Furthermore, a relationship is obtained between the overturning moment and the contributing parameters according to dimensional analysis and the linear fitting method of multidimensional ordinary least squares (OLS). The results predicted by the formula agree with the experimental results, demonstrating the potential for general applicability. View Full-Text
Keywords: floating structures; current water; hydrodynamic factors; overturning moment; OLS method floating structures; current water; hydrodynamic factors; overturning moment; OLS method

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cui, Z.; Fu, Z.-F.; Dai, W.-H.; Lai, Z.-Q. Submerged Fixed Floating Structure under the Action of Surface Current. Water 2018, 10, 102.

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