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Atmosphere 2018, 9(8), 317; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9080317

The Three-Dimensional Locating of VHF Broadband Lightning Interferometers

1
Laboratory of Lightning Physics and Protection Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
2
National Key Laboratory on Electromagnetic Environmental Effects and Electro-Optical Engineering, Army Engineering University, Nanjing 210007, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2018 / Revised: 27 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
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Abstract

VHF (Very High Frequency) lightning interferometers can locate and observe lightning discharges with a high time resolution. Especially the appearance of continuous interferometers makes the 2-D location of interferometers further improve in time resolution and completeness. However, there is uncertainty in the conclusion obtained by simply analyzing the 2-D locating information. Without the support of other 3-D total lightning locating networks, the 2-station interferometer becomes an option to obtain 3-D information. This paper introduces a 3-D lightning location method of a 2-station broadband interferometer, which uses the theodolite wind measurement method for reference, and gives the simulation results of the location accuracy. Finally, using the multi-baseline continuous 2-D locating method and the 3-D locating method, the locating results of one intra-cloud flash and the statistical results of the initiation heights of 61 cloud-to-ground flashes and 80 intra-cloud flashes are given. The results show that the two-station interferometer has high observation accuracy on both sides of the connection between the two sites. The locating accuracy will deteriorate as the distance between the radiation source and the two stations increases or the height decreases. The actual locating results are similar to those of the existing VHF TDOA (Time Difference of Arrival) lightning locating network. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3-D lightning locating; VHF lightning interferometer; two-station interferometer; lightning 3-D lightning locating; VHF lightning interferometer; two-station interferometer; lightning
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, H.; Qiu, S.; Dong, W. The Three-Dimensional Locating of VHF Broadband Lightning Interferometers. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 317.

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