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Atmosphere 2018, 9(5), 178; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9050178

A Simulation Study of Global Evapotranspiration Components Using the Community Land Model

1
College of Meteorology and Oceanography, National University of Defense Technology, Nanjing 211101, China
2
Nanjing Star-jelly Environmental Consultants Co. Ltd., Nanjing 210013, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 May 2018 / Published: 8 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biosphere/Hydrosphere/Land - Atmosphere Interactions)
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Abstract

The Qian atmospheric forcing dataset is used to drive the Community Land Model, version 4.0 and 4.5 (CLM4 and CLM4.5) in off-line simulation tests. Based on flux network (FLUXNET) data and reanalysis data provided by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR), the simulation results of CLM4.5 on the global evaporation of intercepted water from the vegetation canopy (Ec), vegetation transpiration (Et), evaporation of soil (Es) and latent heat flux are evaluated. Subsequently, the improvement in the simulation results of CLM4.5 compared with CLM4.0 is tested and analyzed. The results show that the simulated spatial distribution of Ec, Et and latent heat flux in CLM4.5 are closer to the reanalysis data than Es. The simulated annual means of Et, Es and latent heat flux in CLM4.5 are larger than the reanalysis data, but Ec is smaller. The spatial distribution of the simulation bias of latent heat flux in CLM4.5 is mainly determined by the bias distribution of Es. There is a significant difference in the simulation of Et, Es and latent heat flux between CLM4.5 and CLM4.0. These differences are mainly present near the equator and in the middle and high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere. In general, compared with CLM4.0, the simulation bias of Et, Es, and latent heat flux have been reduced in CLM4.5, and the simulated means are more consistent with the reanalysis data. Although there is a significant improvement in the simulation of the spatial distribution of Et and Es in CLM4.5 compared with CLM4.0, the ability of CLM4.5 to simulate the spatial distribution of global latent heat flux shows little improvement relative to CLM4.0. View Full-Text
Keywords: land surface process; numerical simulation; CLM; evapotranspiration land surface process; numerical simulation; CLM; evapotranspiration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, M.; Zuo, R.; Wang, L.; Chen, X. A Simulation Study of Global Evapotranspiration Components Using the Community Land Model. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 178.

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