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Atmosphere 2017, 8(5), 88; doi:10.3390/atmos8050088

Effects of Agricultural Biomass Burning on Regional Haze in China: A Review

1
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
2
Center for Spatial Information Science and Systems, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
3
Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, USA
4
Institute for the Environment, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27517, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xiaoyang Zhang
Received: 30 March 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 16 May 2017 / Published: 18 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Burning)
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Abstract

Burning agricultural straw before and/or after harvest is a common farming practice. Regional and extensive agricultural open field straw burning can cause serious air pollution events. This paper looks at the effects of biomass burning emission on regional haze that should be considered in the forecasting of regional haze. It describes the current state of crop residue burning in China, and analyzes the relationship between biomass burning and regional haze in terms of temporal/spatial patterns and chemical composition. Finally, some suggestions/recommendations are proposed for the recycling of agricultural straw to reduce the impact of biomass burning on regional haze and air quality. We suggest that prescribed open burning would be a more suitable solution in China. We hope that this report about biomass burning and regional haze will bring the issue to the attention of governments and other researchers. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass burning; haze; agricultural straw; China biomass burning; haze; agricultural straw; China
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Zhao, H.; Zhang, X.; Zhang, S.; Chen, W.; Tong, D.Q.; Xiu, A. Effects of Agricultural Biomass Burning on Regional Haze in China: A Review. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 88.

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