Next Article in Journal
Impact of Climate Change on Natural Snow Reliability, Snowmaking Capacities, and Wind Conditions of Ski Resorts in Northeast Turkey: A Dynamical Downscaling Approach
Next Article in Special Issue
Prediction of a Visible Plume from a Dry and Wet Combined Cooling Tower and Its Mechanism of Abatement
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Additional Structure on Effective Stack Height of Gas Dispersion in Atmosphere
Previous Article in Special Issue
Factors Controlling the Variation of Aerosol Surface Area Concentrations Measured by a Diffusion Charger in Fukuoka, Japan
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2016, 7(4), 51; doi:10.3390/atmos7040051

Influence of Trans-Boundary Air Pollution on the Urban Atmosphere in Fukuoka, Japan

1
Center for Regional Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan
2
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ibaraki 305-8569, Japan
3
Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
4
Department of Earth System Sciences, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shinji Wakamatsu
Received: 9 February 2016 / Revised: 11 March 2016 / Accepted: 24 March 2016 / Published: 30 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution in the Asia-Pacific Region)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7814 KB, uploaded 30 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

To understand the influence of trans-boundary air pollution on the air quality of Fukuoka, the mass concentration and chemical composition of fine particulate matter (PM) were observed at urban (Fukuoka) and rural (Fukue Island) sites in the northern Kyushu area in Japan. Chemical composition was measured using an aerosol mass spectrometer. Organic aerosol (OA) data were analyzed by the positive matrix factorization (PMF) method. Sulfate and low-volatile oxygenated OA (LV-OOA) were dominant for all of the PM2.5 mass variations on Fukue Island, where the trans-boundary air pollution is dominant in the winter-spring season. In Fukuoka, however, sulfate accounted for the largest fraction of total chemical species under high PM2.5 mass concentrations (>35 µg·m−3), while organics and nitrate made up a large fraction under low PM2.5 (<10 µg·m−3). Under the high PM2.5 condition, LV-OOA was also dominant. This indicates that high PM2.5 mass concentrations were attributed to the long-range transport of air pollution. Although the trans-boundary air pollution prevails in the winter-spring season, high sulfate concentrations were observed in the summer of 2012. In addition to the volcanic activities and photochemical reactions, long-range, trans-boundary air pollutions are influential factors not only in winter-spring but also in summer. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol mass spectrometer; particulate matter; organic aerosol; positive matrix factorization; long-range transport aerosol mass spectrometer; particulate matter; organic aerosol; positive matrix factorization; long-range transport
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yoshino, A.; Takami, A.; Sato, K.; Shimizu, A.; Kaneyasu, N.; Hatakeyama, S.; Hara, K.; Hayashi, M. Influence of Trans-Boundary Air Pollution on the Urban Atmosphere in Fukuoka, Japan. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 51.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top