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Atmosphere 2015, 6(8), 1243-1258; doi:10.3390/atmos6081243

Air Quality of Beijing and Impacts of the New Ambient Air Quality Standard

1
College of Geoscience and Surveying Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), D11 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100083, China
2
Beijing Key Lab of Spatial Information Integration and Applications, Peking University, No. 5 Yiheyuan Road, Beijing 100871, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Received: 19 July 2015 / Revised: 5 August 2015 / Accepted: 12 August 2015 / Published: 20 August 2015
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Abstract

Beijing has been publishing daily reports on its air quality since 2000, and while the air pollution index (API) shows that the air quality has improved greatly since 2000, this is not the perception of Beijing’s residents. The new national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS-2012), which includes the monitoring of PM2.5, has posed stricter standards for evaluating air quality. With the new national standard, the air quality in Beijing is calculated using both NAAQS-2012 and the previous standard. The annual attainment rate has dropped from 75.5% to 50.7%. The spatial analysis of air quality shows that only a background station could attain the national standard, while urban and suburban stations exceed the national standard. Among the six pollutants included in the NAAQS-2012, PM2.5 is the major contributor to the air quality index (AQI) comparing with the five other pollutants. The results indicate that under previous NAAQS without PM2.5 monitoring, the air quality has improved greatly in the past decade. By considering PM2.5, the air quality attainment has dropped greatly. Furthermore, a great effort is needed for local government to bring down the PM2.5 concentration. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality; air pollution; PM2.5; PM10 air quality; air pollution; PM2.5; PM10
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, W.; Wang, F.; Xiao, G.; Wu, K.; Zhang, S. Air Quality of Beijing and Impacts of the New Ambient Air Quality Standard. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1243-1258.

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