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Atmosphere 2015, 6(8), 1119-1128; doi:10.3390/atmos6081119

Effect of the Standard Nomenclature for Air Pollution (SNAP) Categories on Air Quality over Europe

1
Environmental Research Laboratory, NCSR Demokritos, 15310 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, 50100 Kozani, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pasquale Avino
Received: 18 May 2015 / Revised: 2 July 2015 / Accepted: 23 July 2015 / Published: 31 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1999 KB, uploaded 31 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

The contribution of different anthropogenic source-sectors on ozone mixing ratios and PM2.5 concentrations over Europe is assessed for a summer month (July 2006) using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Models-3 framework and the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) anthropogenic emissions for 2006. Anthropogenic emission sources have been classified into 10 different Standard Nomenclature for Air Pollution (SNAP) categories. The road transport category, which is mainly responsible for NOX emissions, is estimated to have the major impact on Max8hrO3 mixing ratio suggesting an increase of 6.8% on average over Europe, while locally it is more than 20%. Power generation category is estimated to have the major impact on PM2.5 concentrations since it is the major source of SO2 emissions, suggesting an increase of 22.9% on average over Europe, while locally it is more than 60%. Agriculture category is also contributing significantly on PM2.5 concentrations, since agricultural activities are the major source of NH3 emissions, suggesting an increased by 16.1% on average over Europe, while in regions with elevated NH3 emissions the increase is up to 40%. View Full-Text
Keywords: anthropogenic emissions; SNAP categories; air quality; CMAQ; Europe anthropogenic emissions; SNAP categories; air quality; CMAQ; Europe
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tagaris, E.; Sotiropoulou, R.E.P.; Gounaris, N.; Andronopoulos, S.; Vlachogiannis, D. Effect of the Standard Nomenclature for Air Pollution (SNAP) Categories on Air Quality over Europe. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1119-1128.

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