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Atmosphere 2012, 3(4), 537-556; doi:10.3390/atmos3040537
Article

Modelling Regional Surface Energy Exchange and Boundary Layer Development in Boreal Sweden — Comparison of Mesoscale Model (RAMS) Simulations with Aircraft and Tower Observations

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Received: 7 July 2012; in revised form: 25 September 2012 / Accepted: 15 October 2012 / Published: 30 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regional Climate Change and Variability)
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Abstract: Simulation of atmospheric and surface processes with an atmospheric model (RAMS) during a period of ten days in August 2001 over a boreal area in Sweden were compared to tower measurements and aircraft measurements of vertical profiles as well as surface fluxes from low altitude flights. The shape of the vertical profiles was simulated reasonably well by the model although there were significant biases in absolute values. Surface fluxes were less well simulated and the model showed considerable sensitivity to initial soil moisture conditions. The simulations were performed using two different land cover databases, the original one supplied with the RAMS model and the more detailed CORINE database. The two different land cover data bases resulted in relatively large fine scale differences in the simulated values. The conclusion of this study is that RAMS has the potential to be used as a tool to estimate boundary layer conditions and surface fluxes and meteorology over a boreal area but also that further improvement is needed.
Keywords: RAMS; mesoscale climate; boreal region; Norunda tower; airborne data RAMS; mesoscale climate; boreal region; Norunda tower; airborne data
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kvon, E.V.; Tuulik, J.; Mölder, M.; Lindroth, A. Modelling Regional Surface Energy Exchange and Boundary Layer Development in Boreal Sweden — Comparison of Mesoscale Model (RAMS) Simulations with Aircraft and Tower Observations. Atmosphere 2012, 3, 537-556.

AMA Style

Kvon EV, Tuulik J, Mölder M, Lindroth A. Modelling Regional Surface Energy Exchange and Boundary Layer Development in Boreal Sweden — Comparison of Mesoscale Model (RAMS) Simulations with Aircraft and Tower Observations. Atmosphere. 2012; 3(4):537-556.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kvon, Elena V.; Tuulik, Janno; Mölder, Meelis; Lindroth, Anders. 2012. "Modelling Regional Surface Energy Exchange and Boundary Layer Development in Boreal Sweden — Comparison of Mesoscale Model (RAMS) Simulations with Aircraft and Tower Observations." Atmosphere 3, no. 4: 537-556.


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