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Genes 2018, 9(9), 459; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes9090459

Long Non-Coding RNAs as Endogenous Target Mimics and Exploration of Their Role in Low Nutrient Stress Tolerance in Plants

1
Mineral Nutrition Laboratory, Division of Plant Physiology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
2
Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India
3
ICAR-National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi 110012, India
4
The John Bingham Laboratory, National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB), Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB30LE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 5 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 14 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Improving Plant Nutrient Use efficiency)
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Abstract

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) research in plants has recently gained momentum taking cues from studies in animals systems. The availability of next-generation sequencing has enabled genome-wide identification of lncRNA in several plant species. Some lncRNAs are inhibitors of microRNA expression and have a function known as target mimicry with the sequestered transcript known as an endogenous target mimic (eTM). The lncRNAs identified to date show diverse mechanisms of gene regulation, most of which remain poorly understood. In this review, we discuss the role of identified putative lncRNAs that may act as eTMs for nutrient-responsive microRNAs (miRNAs) in plants. If functionally validated, these putative lncRNAs would enhance current understanding of the role of lncRNAs in nutrient homeostasis in plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: long non-coding RNAs; endogenous target mimicry; microRNA; nitrogen and phosphorus deprivation long non-coding RNAs; endogenous target mimicry; microRNA; nitrogen and phosphorus deprivation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Borah, P.; Das, A.; Milner, M.J.; Ali, A.; Bentley, A.R.; Pandey, R. Long Non-Coding RNAs as Endogenous Target Mimics and Exploration of Their Role in Low Nutrient Stress Tolerance in Plants. Genes 2018, 9, 459.

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