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Genes 2017, 8(8), 203; doi:10.3390/genes8080203

Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Long Intergenic Noncoding RNAs Contributed to Growth and Meat Quality Differences between Yorkshire and Wannanhua Pig

Key Lab of Agriculture Animal Genetics, Breeding, and Reproduction of Ministry of Education, College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editor: J. Peter W. Young
Received: 24 July 2017 / Revised: 12 August 2017 / Accepted: 14 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
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Abstract

There are major differences between Yorkshire (lean-type) and Wannanhua pig (fat-type) in terms of growth performance and meat quality. Long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs) are a class of regulators that are involved in numerous biological processes and widely identified in many species. However, the role of lincRNAs in pig is largely unknown, and the mechanisms by which they affect growth and meat quality are elusive. In this study, we used published data to identify 759 lincRNAs in porcine longissimus dorsi muscle. These putative lincRNAs shared many features with mammalian lincRNAs, such as shorter length and fewer exons. Gene ontology and pathway analysis indicated that many potential target genes (PTGs) of lincRNAs were involved in muscle growth-related and meat quality-related biological processes. Moreover, we constructed a co-expression network between differentially expressed lincRNAs (DELs) and their PTGs, and found a potential mechanism that most DELs can use to upregulate their PTGs, which may finally contribute to the growth and meat quality differences between the two breeds through an unknown manner. This work details some lincRNAs and their PTGs related to muscle growth or meat quality, and facilitates future research on the roles of lincRNAs in these two types of pig, as well as molecular-assisted breeding for pig. View Full-Text
Keywords: lincRNAs; Yorkshire pig; Wannanhua pig; muscle growth; meat quality lincRNAs; Yorkshire pig; Wannanhua pig; muscle growth; meat quality
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Zou, C.; Li, S.; Deng, L.; Guan, Y.; Chen, D.; Yuan, X.; Xia, T.; He, X.; Shan, Y.; Li, C. Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Long Intergenic Noncoding RNAs Contributed to Growth and Meat Quality Differences between Yorkshire and Wannanhua Pig. Genes 2017, 8, 203.

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