Genome Editing Tools in Plants
AbstractGenome editing tools have the potential to change the genomic architecture of a genome at precise locations, with desired accuracy. These tools have been efficiently used for trait discovery and for the generation of plants with high crop yields and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Due to complex genomic architecture, it is challenging to edit all of the genes/genomes using a particular genome editing tool. Therefore, to overcome this challenging task, several genome editing tools have been developed to facilitate efficient genome editing. Some of the major genome editing tools used to edit plant genomes are: Homologous recombination (HR), zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), pentatricopeptide repeat proteins (PPRs), the CRISPR/Cas9 system, RNA interference (RNAi), cisgenesis, and intragenesis. In addition, site-directed sequence editing and oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis have the potential to edit the genome at the single-nucleotide level. Recently, adenine base editors (ABEs) have been developed to mutate A-T base pairs to G-C base pairs. ABEs use deoxyadeninedeaminase (TadA) with catalytically impaired Cas9 nickase to mutate A-T base pairs to G-C base pairs. View Full-Text
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Mohanta, T.K.; Bashir, T.; Hashem, A.; Abd_Allah, E.F.; Bae, H. Genome Editing Tools in Plants. Genes 2017, 8, 399.
Mohanta TK, Bashir T, Hashem A, Abd_Allah EF, Bae H. Genome Editing Tools in Plants. Genes. 2017; 8(12):399.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mohanta, Tapan K.; Bashir, Tufail; Hashem, Abeer; Abd_Allah, Elsayed F.; Bae, Hanhong. 2017. "Genome Editing Tools in Plants." Genes 8, no. 12: 399.