RNAi-Mediated Specific Gene Silencing as a Tool for the Discovery of New Drug Targets in Giardia lamblia; Evaluation Using the NADH Oxidase Gene
AbstractThe microaerophilic protozoan Giardia lamblia is the agent causing giardiasis, an intestinal parasitosis of worldwide distribution. Different pharmacotherapies have been employed against giardiasis; however, side effects in the host and reports of drug resistant strains generate the need to develop new strategies that identify novel biological targets for drug design. To support this requirement, we have designed and evaluated a vector containing a cassette for the synthesis of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), which can silence expression of a target gene through the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. Small silencing RNAs were detected and quantified in transformants expressing dsRNA by a stem-loop RT-qPCR approach. The results showed that, in transformants expressing dsRNA of 100–200 base pairs, the level of NADHox mRNA was reduced by around 30%, concomitant with a decrease in enzyme activity and a reduction in the number of trophozoites with respect to the wild type strain, indicating that NADHox is indeed an important enzyme for Giardia viability. These results suggest that it is possible to induce the G. lamblia RNAi machinery for attenuating the expression of genes encoding proteins of interest. We propose that our silencing strategy can be used to identify new potential drug targets, knocking down genes encoding different structural proteins and enzymes from a wide variety of metabolic pathways. View Full-Text
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Marcial-Quino, J.; Gómez-Manzo, S.; Fierro, F.; Rufino-González, Y.; Ortega-Cuellar, D.; Sierra-Palacios, E.; Vanoye-Carlo, A.; González-Valdez, A.; Torres-Arroyo, A.; Oria-Hernández, J.; Reyes-Vivas, H. RNAi-Mediated Specific Gene Silencing as a Tool for the Discovery of New Drug Targets in Giardia lamblia; Evaluation Using the NADH Oxidase Gene. Genes 2017, 8, 303.
Marcial-Quino J, Gómez-Manzo S, Fierro F, Rufino-González Y, Ortega-Cuellar D, Sierra-Palacios E, Vanoye-Carlo A, González-Valdez A, Torres-Arroyo A, Oria-Hernández J, Reyes-Vivas H. RNAi-Mediated Specific Gene Silencing as a Tool for the Discovery of New Drug Targets in Giardia lamblia; Evaluation Using the NADH Oxidase Gene. Genes. 2017; 8(11):303.Chicago/Turabian Style
Marcial-Quino, Jaime; Gómez-Manzo, Saúl; Fierro, Francisco; Rufino-González, Yadira; Ortega-Cuellar, Daniel; Sierra-Palacios, Edgar; Vanoye-Carlo, America; González-Valdez, Abigail; Torres-Arroyo, Angélica; Oria-Hernández, Jesús; Reyes-Vivas, Horacio. 2017. "RNAi-Mediated Specific Gene Silencing as a Tool for the Discovery of New Drug Targets in Giardia lamblia; Evaluation Using the NADH Oxidase Gene." Genes 8, no. 11: 303.
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