Epigenetic Biomarkers of Preterm Birth and Its Risk Factors
AbstractA biomarker is a biological measure predictive of a normal or pathogenic process or response. Biomarkers are often useful for making clinical decisions and determining treatment course. One area where such biomarkers would be particularly useful is in identifying women at risk for preterm delivery and related pregnancy complications. Neonates born preterm have significant morbidity and mortality, both in the perinatal period and throughout the life course, and identifying women at risk of delivering preterm may allow for targeted interventions to prevent or delay preterm birth (PTB). In addition to identifying those at increased risk for preterm birth, biomarkers may be able to distinguish neonates at particular risk for future complications due to modifiable environmental factors, such as maternal smoking or alcohol use during pregnancy. Currently, there are no such biomarkers available, though candidate gene and epigenome-wide association studies have identified DNA methylation differences associated with PTB, its risk factors and its long-term outcomes. Further biomarker development is crucial to reducing the health burden associated with adverse intrauterine conditions and preterm birth, and the results of recent DNA methylation studies may advance that goal. View Full-Text
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Knight, A.K.; Smith, A.K. Epigenetic Biomarkers of Preterm Birth and Its Risk Factors. Genes 2016, 7, 15.
Knight AK, Smith AK. Epigenetic Biomarkers of Preterm Birth and Its Risk Factors. Genes. 2016; 7(4):15.Chicago/Turabian Style
Knight, Anna K.; Smith, Alicia K. 2016. "Epigenetic Biomarkers of Preterm Birth and Its Risk Factors." Genes 7, no. 4: 15.
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