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Genes 2016, 7(4), 14; doi:10.3390/genes7040014

Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Sesame Accessions from Africa and Asia as Major Centers of Its Cultivation

1
Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 2 Xudong 2nd Road, 430062 Wuhan, Hubei, China
2
Centre d’Etudes Régional pour l’Amélioration de l’Adaptation à la Sécheresse (CERAAS), BP 3320 Route de Khombole, Thiès 21000, Senegal
3
Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD), UMR AGAP, F-34398 Montpellier, France
4
Laboratoire Campus de Biotechnologies Végétales, Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Dakar 107000, Senegal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sean Mayes, Festo Massawe, Prakit Somta and Wai Kuan Ho
Received: 10 December 2015 / Revised: 29 March 2016 / Accepted: 30 March 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Diversity for Crop Improvement)
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Abstract

Sesame is an important oil crop widely cultivated in Africa and Asia. Understanding the genetic diversity of accessions from these continents is critical to designing breeding methods and for additional collection of sesame germplasm. To determine the genetic diversity in relation to geographical regions, 96 sesame accessions collected from 22 countries distributed over six geographic regions in Africa and Asia were genotyped using 33 polymorphic SSR markers. Large genetic variability was found within the germplasm collection. The total number of alleles was 137, averaging 4.15 alleles per locus. The accessions from Asia displayed more diversity than those from Africa. Accessions from Southern Asia (SAs), Eastern Asia (EAs), and Western Africa (WAf) were highly diversified, while those from Western Asia (WAs), Northern Africa (NAf), and Southeastern Africa (SAf) had the lowest diversity. The analysis of molecular variance revealed that more than 44% of the genetic variance was due to diversity among geographic regions. Five subpopulations, including three in Asia and two in Africa, were cross-identified through phylogenetic, PCA, and STRUCTURE analyses. Most accessions clustered in the same population based on their geographical origins. Our results provide technical guidance for efficient management of sesame genetic resources in breeding programs and further collection of sesame germplasm from these different regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sesamum indicum; genetic diversity; geographic origin; Asia; Africa; SSR Sesamum indicum; genetic diversity; geographic origin; Asia; Africa; SSR
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dossa, K.; Wei, X.; Zhang, Y.; Fonceka, D.; Yang, W.; Diouf, D.; Liao, B.; Cissé, N.; Zhang, X. Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Sesame Accessions from Africa and Asia as Major Centers of Its Cultivation. Genes 2016, 7, 14.

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