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Genes 2014, 5(2), 285-309; doi:10.3390/genes5020285
Review

Reading and Language Disorders: The Importance of Both Quantity and Quality

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 2 December 2013; in revised form: 11 March 2014 / Accepted: 12 March 2014 / Published: 4 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Grand Celebration: 10th Anniversary of the Human Genome Project)
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Abstract: Reading and language disorders are common childhood conditions that often co-occur with each other and with other neurodevelopmental impairments. There is strong evidence that disorders, such as dyslexia and Specific Language Impairment (SLI), have a genetic basis, but we expect the contributing genetic factors to be complex in nature. To date, only a few genes have been implicated in these traits. Their functional characterization has provided novel insight into the biology of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the lack of biological markers and clear diagnostic criteria have prevented the collection of the large sample sizes required for well-powered genome-wide screens. One of the main challenges of the field will be to combine careful clinical assessment with high throughput genetic technologies within multidisciplinary collaborations.
Keywords: Specific Language Impairment (SLI); dyslexia; genetics Specific Language Impairment (SLI); dyslexia; genetics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Newbury, D.F.; Monaco, A.P.; Paracchini, S. Reading and Language Disorders: The Importance of Both Quantity and Quality. Genes 2014, 5, 285-309.

AMA Style

Newbury DF, Monaco AP, Paracchini S. Reading and Language Disorders: The Importance of Both Quantity and Quality. Genes. 2014; 5(2):285-309.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Newbury, Dianne F.; Monaco, Anthony P.; Paracchini, Silvia. 2014. "Reading and Language Disorders: The Importance of Both Quantity and Quality." Genes 5, no. 2: 285-309.


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