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Genes 2013, 4(4), 556-572; doi:10.3390/genes4040556

Sequencing of Bacterial Genomes: Principles and Insights into Pathogenesis and Development of Antibiotics

Department of Microbiology, University of Ghana Medical School, P. O. Box 4236, Accra, Ghana
Received: 12 April 2013 / Revised: 24 July 2013 / Accepted: 27 August 2013 / Published: 14 October 2013
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The impact of bacterial diseases on public health has become enormous, and is partly due to the increasing trend of antibiotic resistance displayed by bacterial pathogens. Sequencing of bacterial genomes has significantly improved our understanding about the biology of many bacterial pathogens as well as identification of novel antibiotic targets. Since the advent of genome sequencing two decades ago, about 1,800 bacterial genomes have been fully sequenced and these include important aetiological agents such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Vibrio cholerae, Clostridium difficile and Staphylococcus aureus. Very recently, there has been an explosion of bacterial genome data and is due to the development of next generation sequencing technologies, which are evolving so rapidly. Indeed, the field of microbial genomics is advancing at a very fast rate and it is difficult for researchers to be abreast with the new developments. This highlights the need for regular updates in microbial genomics through comprehensive reviews. This review paper seeks to provide an update on bacterial genome sequencing generally, and to analyze insights gained from sequencing in two areas, including bacterial pathogenesis and the development of antibiotics.
Keywords: genome; pathogenesis; bacteria; sequencing; antibiotics genome; pathogenesis; bacteria; sequencing; antibiotics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Donkor, E.S. Sequencing of Bacterial Genomes: Principles and Insights into Pathogenesis and Development of Antibiotics. Genes 2013, 4, 556-572.

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