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Cells 2018, 7(8), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells7080110

Extracellular Vesicles, Ageing, and Therapeutic Interventions

1
Wolfson Wohl Cancer Research Centre, College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G61 1QH, UK
2
College of Medical, Veterinary & Life Sciences, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Graham Kerr, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dagmara McGuinness
Received: 24 July 2018 / Revised: 13 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 18 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epigenetic Regulation of Stem Cells Ageing in Health and Disease)
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Abstract

A more comprehensive understanding of the human ageing process is required to help mitigate the increasing burden of age-related morbidities in a rapidly growing global demographic of elderly individuals. One exciting novel strategy that has emerged to intervene involves the use of extracellular vesicles to engender tissue regeneration. Specifically, this employs their molecular payloads to confer changes in the epigenetic landscape of ageing cells and ameliorate the loss of functional capacity. Understanding the biology of extracellular vesicles and the specific roles they play during normative ageing will allow for the development of novel cell-free therapeutic interventions. Hence, the purpose of this review is to summarise the current understanding of the mechanisms that drive ageing, critically explore how extracellular vesicles affect ageing processes and discuss their therapeutic potential to mitigate the effects of age-associated morbidities and improve the human health span. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageing; extracellular vesicles; microvesicles; exosomes; stem cells; epigenetics ageing; extracellular vesicles; microvesicles; exosomes; stem cells; epigenetics
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Panagiotou, N.; Neytchev, O.; Selman, C.; Shiels, P.G. Extracellular Vesicles, Ageing, and Therapeutic Interventions. Cells 2018, 7, 110.

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