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Cells 2017, 6(4), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells6040036

Monitoring Autophagy in the Model Green Microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Instituto de Bioquímica Vegetal y Fotosíntesis, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)—Universidad de Sevilla; Avda. Américo Vespucio, 49, 41092 Sevilla, Spain
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Received: 29 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 19 October 2017 / Published: 22 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assays to Monitor Autophagy in Model Systems)
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Abstract

Autophagy is an intracellular catabolic system that delivers cytoplasmic constituents and organelles in the vacuole. This degradative process is mediated by a group of proteins coded by autophagy-related (ATG) genes that are widely conserved from yeasts to plants and mammals. Homologs of ATG genes have been also identified in algal genomes including the unicellular model green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The development of specific tools to monitor autophagy in Chlamydomonas has expanded our current knowledge about the regulation and function of this process in algae. Recent findings indicated that autophagy is regulated by redox signals and the TOR network in Chlamydomonas and revealed that this process may play in important role in the control of lipid metabolism and ribosomal protein turnover in this alga. Here, we will describe the different techniques and approaches that have been reported to study autophagy and autophagic flux in Chlamydomonas. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chlamydomonas; green alga; autophagy; autophagic flux; ATG8; redox; stress Chlamydomonas; green alga; autophagy; autophagic flux; ATG8; redox; stress
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Pérez-Pérez, M.E.; Couso, I.; Heredia-Martínez, L.G.; Crespo, J.L. Monitoring Autophagy in the Model Green Microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Cells 2017, 6, 36.

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