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Cells 2015, 4(3), 452-473; doi:10.3390/cells4030452

Multiple Export Mechanisms for mRNAs

Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Birthe Fahrenkrog
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 August 2015 / Published: 28 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nucleocytoplasmic Transport)
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Abstract

Nuclear mRNA export plays an important role in gene expression. We describe the mechanisms of mRNA export including the importance of mRNP assembly, docking with the nuclear basket of the nuclear pore complex (NPC), transit through the central channel of the NPC and cytoplasmic release. We describe multiple mechanisms of mRNA export including NXF1 and CRM1 mediated pathways. Selective groups of mRNAs can be preferentially transported in order to respond to cellular stimuli. RNAs can be selected based on the presence of specific cis-acting RNA elements and binding of specific adaptor proteins. The role that dysregulation of this process plays in human disease is also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nuclear mRNA export; selective export; NXF1 pathway; CRM1 pathway nuclear mRNA export; selective export; NXF1 pathway; CRM1 pathway
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Delaleau, M.; Borden, K.L.B. Multiple Export Mechanisms for mRNAs. Cells 2015, 4, 452-473.

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