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Agronomy 2018, 8(9), 167; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8090167

Foliar Application of Cu Nanoparticles Modified the Content of Bioactive Compounds in Moringa oleifera Lam

1
Departamento de Botánica, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Saltillo, Coahuila 25315, Mexico
2
Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Saltillo, Coahuila 25294, Mexico
3
Unidad Académica de Agronomía, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Zacatecas 98000, Mexico
4
Tecnológico Nacional de México-Instituto Tecnológico de Roque, Celaya, Guanajuato 38118, Mexico
5
Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Tulancingo, Hidalgo 43600, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotechnology Applications in Agriculture System)
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Abstract

Moringa oleifera Lam is a plant that has recently gained importance as a food because of its nutritional value and bioactive compound content and because practically all the organs are usable. The use of nanoparticles has appeared as an alternative to increase bioactive compounds in plants. The goal of this work was to determine if the application of copper nanoparticles would increase the content of bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity in M. oleifera. Copper (Cu) nanoparticles were applied to the leaves at four different times throughout crop growth. The biocompounds were analyzed after the second, third, and fourth applications. The results show that application of Cu nanoparticles has a beneficial effect on the accumulation of bioactive compounds in M. oleifera leaves. In addition, the antioxidant capacity and carotenoid and chlorophyll contents in the leaves of M. oleifera increased after Cu nanoparticles application. The same effect was not observed in the fruit of M. oleifera. Here, the bioactive compound contents diminished. Therefore, the use of Cu nanoparticles can be an important alternative to improve the quality of this plant, particularly that of the leaves. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidants; nanotechnology; bioactive compounds; human health antioxidants; nanotechnology; bioactive compounds; human health
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Juárez-Maldonado, A.; Ortega-Ortíz, H.; Cadenas-Pliego, G.; Valdés-Reyna, J.; Pinedo-Espinoza, J.M.; López-Palestina, C.U.; Hernández-Fuentes, A.D. Foliar Application of Cu Nanoparticles Modified the Content of Bioactive Compounds in Moringa oleifera Lam. Agronomy 2018, 8, 167.

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