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Agronomy 2017, 7(3), 47; doi:10.3390/agronomy7030047

Ultrasound Assisted Extraction for the Recovery of Phenolic Compounds from Vegetable Sources

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Centro de Investigación y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco CIATEJ Unidad Sureste, Parque Científico Tecnológico de Yucatán, Km 5.5 Carretera Sierra Papacal-Chuburná Puerto, Mérida CP 97302, Mexico
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CIATEJ Unidad Zapopan, Camino Arenero 1227, El Bajío del Arenal, 45019 Zapopan Jalisco, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leo Condron
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 30 June 2017 / Published: 7 July 2017
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Abstract

Vegetable sources and agro-industrial residues represent an important source of phenolic compounds that are useful in a wide range of applications, especially those with biological activities. Conventional techniques of phytochemical extraction have been associated with a high consumption of organic solvents that limits the application of bioactive extracts, leading to the implementation of novel extraction technologies using mechanisms such as Ultrasound Assisted Extraction (UAE). In the present review, an analysis of the involved variables in the extraction yield of phenolic compounds through UAE is presented, highlighting the advantages of this technology based on the results obtained in various optimized studies. A comparison with other technologies and a proposal of its possible application for agro industrial residues as raw material of phenolic compounds is also indicated. Finally, it is concluded that UAE is a technology that is placed within the area of Sustainable Chemistry since it promotes the use of renewable raw materials through the extraction of phenolic compounds, implementing the substitution of organic solvents with solvents that do not present toxic effects, lowering the energy consumption when compared to conventional methods and minimizing process times and temperatures, which is useful for the extraction of thermo-labile compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasound assisted extraction; phenolic compounds; vegetable sources ultrasound assisted extraction; phenolic compounds; vegetable sources
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Medina-Torres, N.; Ayora-Talavera, T.; Espinosa-Andrews, H.; Sánchez-Contreras, A.; Pacheco, N. Ultrasound Assisted Extraction for the Recovery of Phenolic Compounds from Vegetable Sources. Agronomy 2017, 7, 47.

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