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Polymers 2017, 9(8), 338; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9080338

Role of Ion Dissociation on DC Conductivity and Silver Nanoparticle Formation in PVA:AgNt Based Polymer Electrolytes: Deep Insights to Ion Transport Mechanism

1
Advanced Polymeric Materials Research Lab., Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Qlyasan Street, Sulaimani 46001, Iraq
2
Development Center for Research and Training (DCRT), University of Human Development, Qrga Street, Sulaimani 46001, Iraq
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 20 July 2017 / Accepted: 1 August 2017 / Published: 4 August 2017
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Abstract

In this study, the role of ion dissociation on formation of silver nanoparticle and DC conductivityin PVA:AgNO3 based solid polymer electrolyte has been discussed in detail. Samples of silver ion conducting solid polymer electrolyte were prepared by using solution cast technique. Absorption spectroscopy in the ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) spectral region was used to investigate the formation of silver nanoparticles. Broad and sharp peaks due to plasmonic silver nanoparticles subjected to ion dissociation have been observed. The influence of dielectric constant on the intensity of surface plasmonic resonance (SPR) peaks attributed to silver nanoparticles was discussed. From impedance plots, the diameter of high frequency semicircle was found to be decreased with increasing salt concentration. The DC conductivity in relation to the dielectric constant was also explained. From the AC conductivity spectra, the dc conductivity was estimated to be close to that calculated from the bulk resistance. The temperature dependence of the DC conductivity was studied and found to follow Arrhenius equation within two distinguished regions. The AC conductivity at different temperatures has been studied to comprehend the ion conduction mechanism. The AC conductivity against frequency was found to obey the universal power law of Jonscher. Three distinct regions were recognized from the spectra of AC conductivity. The frequency exponent (S) was calculated for the dispersive region of the measured AC conductivity spectra. Various models were discussed to explain the behavior of S value with temperature. The behavior of S value with temperature was then used to interpret the DC conductivity pattern against 1000/T. Finally, from the comparison of calculated activation energy (Ea) and maximum barrier height (Wm), deep insights into ion conduction mechanism could be grasped. View Full-Text
Keywords: PVA electrolyte; silver nitrate; SPR absorption peak; impedance plots; DC and AC conductivity; activation energy and barrier height PVA electrolyte; silver nitrate; SPR absorption peak; impedance plots; DC and AC conductivity; activation energy and barrier height
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Aziz, S.B.; Abdullah, R.M.; Rasheed, M.A.; Ahmed, H.M. Role of Ion Dissociation on DC Conductivity and Silver Nanoparticle Formation in PVA:AgNt Based Polymer Electrolytes: Deep Insights to Ion Transport Mechanism. Polymers 2017, 9, 338.

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