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Polymers 2017, 9(8), 315; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9080315

Exceptionally High Negative Electro-Caloric Effects of Poly(VDF–co–TrFE) Based Nanocomposites Tuned by the Geometries of Barium Titanate Nanofillers

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
2
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
3
Institute of Nanosurface Science and Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2017 / Revised: 25 July 2017 / Accepted: 26 July 2017 / Published: 28 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluorinated Polymers)
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Abstract

Exceptionally high electro-caloric effects (ECEs) are observed in nanocomposites consisting of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (VDF–co–TrFE) copolymer and barium titanate (BT) nanoparticles and nanowires. The poly(VDF–co–TrFE) matrix nanocomposites containing 5% volume fraction of BT nanowires are found to exhibit a negative ECE temperature change as large as 12 °C or a refrigeration effect of 8.3 J/g, which is much larger than those reported to date. The mechanisms of negative ECE and the enhanced negative ECE in the nanocomposites consisting of poly(VDF–co–TrFE) and BT nanowires are explained by the Kauzmann theory on glassy polar states and the interaction between BT nanofillers and the copolymer matrix. The effects of geometries of BT nanofillers on the negative ECEs are elucidated by P-E loop measurements, and dielectric and dynamical mechanical analyses. The nanocomposites, with their enhanced negative ECE tuned by the geometries of BT nanofillers, provide us with promising ECE refrigerants for practical application to small-sized and environmentally-friendly ECE coolers in the heat management of electronic devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: ferroelectric polymers; phase transition; electro-caloric effect; nanofillers; nanocomposites; dielectric properties; mechanical relaxation ferroelectric polymers; phase transition; electro-caloric effect; nanofillers; nanocomposites; dielectric properties; mechanical relaxation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jiang, Z.-Y.; Zheng, G.-P.; Zheng, X.-C.; Wang, H. Exceptionally High Negative Electro-Caloric Effects of Poly(VDF–co–TrFE) Based Nanocomposites Tuned by the Geometries of Barium Titanate Nanofillers. Polymers 2017, 9, 315.

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