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Polymers 2017, 9(7), 291; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9070291

Electronically Stabilized Copoly(Styrene-Acrylic Acid) Submicrocapsules Prepared by Miniemulsion Copolymerization

Department of Textile System Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 80 Daehakro, Bukgu, Daegu 41566, Korea
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Academic Editor: Chris Fellows
Received: 1 July 2017 / Revised: 17 July 2017 / Accepted: 20 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emulsion Polymerization)
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Abstract

This work reports the preparation and characterization of poly(styrene-acrylic acid) (St/AA) submicrocapsules by using the miniemulsion copolymerization method. AA was introduced to miniemulsion polymerization of St to increase the zeta potential and the resulting electrostatic stability of St/AA submicrocapsules. Phytoncide oil was adopted as the core model material. Miniemulsion copolymerization of St and AA was conducted at a fixed monomer concentration (0.172 mol) with a varying monomer feed ratio [AA]/[St] (0.2, 0.25, 0.33, 0.5, and 1.0). Concentrations of initiator (azobisisobutyronitrile; 1.0 × 10−3, 2.0 × 10−3, 3.0 × 10−3, and 4.0 × 10−3 mol/mol of monomer) and surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate; 0.6 × 10−3, 1.0 × 10−3, and 1.4 × 10−3 mol) were also controlled to optimize the miniemulsion copolymerization of St and AA. Dynamic light scattering and microscopic analyses confirmed the optimum condition of miniemulsion copolymerization of St and AA. Long-term colloidal stability of aqueous St/AA submicrocapsule suspension was evaluated by using TurbiscanTM Lab. In this work, the optimum condition for miniemulsion copolymerization of St and AA was determined ([AA]/[St] = 0.33; [SDS] = 1.0 × 10−3 mol; [AIBN] = 2.0 × 10−3 mol/mol of monomer). St/AA submicrocapsules prepared at the optimum condition (392.6 nm and −55.2 mV of mean particle size and zeta potential, respectively) showed almost no variations in backscattering intensity (stable colloids without aggregation). View Full-Text
Keywords: styrene; acrylic acid; submicrocapsule; miniemulsion copolymerization; zeta potential styrene; acrylic acid; submicrocapsule; miniemulsion copolymerization; zeta potential
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kim, M.; Hwang, Y.; Ghim, H.D. Electronically Stabilized Copoly(Styrene-Acrylic Acid) Submicrocapsules Prepared by Miniemulsion Copolymerization. Polymers 2017, 9, 291.

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