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Polymers 2017, 9(7), 269; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9070269

Poly(lactic acid) Composites Containing Carbon-Based Nanomaterials: A Review

1
LEPABE—Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, rua Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
2
INEB—National Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 823, Porto 4150-180, Portugal
3
i3S—Institute for Innovation and Health Research, University of Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 208, Porto 4200-135, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Böker
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 4 July 2017 / Published: 6 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene-Polymer Composites)
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Abstract

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is a green alternative to petrochemical commodity plastics, used in packaging, agricultural products, disposable materials, textiles, and automotive composites. It is also approved by regulatory authorities for several biomedical applications. However, for some uses it is required that some of its properties be improved, namely in terms of thermo-mechanical and electrical performance. The incorporation of nanofillers is a common approach to attain this goal. The outstanding properties of carbon-based nanomaterials (CBN) have caused a surge in research works dealing with PLA/CBN composites. The available information is compiled and reviewed, focusing on PLA/CNT (carbon nanotubes) and PLA/GBM (graphene-based materials) composites. The production methods, and the effects of CBN loading on PLA properties, namely mechanical, thermal, electrical, and biological, are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: PLA; graphene-based materials; carbon nanotubes; composites; mechanical properties; thermal properties; electrical properties; biological properties PLA; graphene-based materials; carbon nanotubes; composites; mechanical properties; thermal properties; electrical properties; biological properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Gonçalves, C.; Gonçalves, I.C.; Magalhães, F.D.; Pinto, A.M. Poly(lactic acid) Composites Containing Carbon-Based Nanomaterials: A Review. Polymers 2017, 9, 269.

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