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Polymers 2017, 9(7), 260; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9070260

Tissue Engineering Bionanocomposites Based on Poly(propylene fumarate)

Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Biology, Environmental Sciences and Chemistry, Alcalá University, 28871 Madrid, Spain
Academic Editor: Raechelle D’Sa
Received: 13 June 2017 / Revised: 27 June 2017 / Accepted: 28 June 2017 / Published: 30 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advance of Polymers Applied to Biomedical Applications: Biointerface)
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Abstract

Poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) is a linear and unsaturated copolyester based on fumaric acid that has been widely investigated for tissue engineering applications in recent years due to its tailorable mechanical performance, adjustable biodegradability and exceptional biocompatibility. In order to improve its mechanical properties and spread its range of practical applications, novel approaches need to be developed such as the incorporation of fillers or polymer blending. Thus, PPF-based bionanocomposites reinforced with different amounts of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONR), graphite oxide nanoplatelets (GONP), polyethylene glycol-functionalized graphene oxide (PEG-GO), polyethylene glycol-grafted boron nitride nanotubes (PEG-g-BNNTs) and hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles were synthesized via sonication and thermal curing, and their morphology, biodegradability, cytotoxicity, thermal, rheological, mechanical and antibacterial properties were investigated. An increase in the level of hydrophilicity, biodegradation rate, stiffness and strength was found upon increasing nanofiller loading. The nanocomposites retained enough rigidity and strength under physiological conditions to provide effective support for bone tissue formation, showed antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and did not induce toxicity on human dermal fibroblasts. These novel biomaterials demonstrate great potential to be used for bone tissue engineering applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(propylene fumarate); graphene oxide; carbon nanotubes; boron nitride nanotubes; biomaterials; mechanical properties; tissue engineering poly(propylene fumarate); graphene oxide; carbon nanotubes; boron nitride nanotubes; biomaterials; mechanical properties; tissue engineering
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Diez-Pascual, A.M. Tissue Engineering Bionanocomposites Based on Poly(propylene fumarate). Polymers 2017, 9, 260.

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